ISSN 0006-3088 (Biologia). ISSN 1335-6399 (Biologia. Section Cellular and Molecular Biology).
Chlamydial infestation of pheasants and pigeons in East Slovakia.
Milan Travnicek1*, Lydia Cislakova2, Monika Halanova2, Viera Bajova1, Silvia Mardzinova1 & Jan Misko1
1 University of Veterinary Medicine, Komenskeho 73, SK-04181 Kosice, Slovakia; tel.: ++ 421 95 6338180, fax: ++ 421 95 6323666, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Faculty of Medicine, P. J. Safarik University, Srobarova 2, SK-041081 Kosice, Slovakia
* corresponding author
Received: December 11, 2000 / Accepted: April 23, 2001
In this paper authors present results of serological examination in 194 pheasants (Phaisanus colchicus) and 114 pigeons (Columba livia f. domestica) for the presence of the antibodies to Chlamydia psittaci. Pheasants came from the school farm in Rozhanovce belonging to the University of Veterinary Medicine Kosice, Slovakia. Pigeons were caught in farm buildings of the village of Rozhanovce. We used micromethod of complement binding reactions (CBR) and genus-specific antigen Ch. psittaci (Bioveta, Ivanovice na Hane, Czech republic) and we have found seropositivity in 40.7% of pheasants (28.5 - 45.9% according to the date of collection). The found values of antibodies (1:128) testify an non-apparent form of chlamydiosis. We found seropositivity in 64.0% of pigeons with significant difference in numbers of positive birds and values of antibodies depending on the date of collection. In a group of 42 pigeons caught in January 1999, there were 35.7% positive with maximal titre of antibodies 1:128, while in a group of 72 pigeons caught in April 1999 positivity was found in 80.5% and titre of antibodies reached 1:1024. These results prove and acute form of chlamydiosis and suggest that pigeons are an especially significant source of chlamydiosis for human and animal population in the spring time.
Key words: Chlamydia psittaci, antibodies, Phaisanus colchicus, Columba livia f. domestica.