Biologia, Bratislava, 56/Suppl. 9: 9-13, 2001.

ISSN 0006-3088 (Biologia). ISSN 1335-6399 (Biologia. Section Cellular and Molecular Biology).

 

Review

Nosocomial mycoses in the intensive care units.

 

Alena Tomsikova

Institute of Microbiology School of Medicine, Charles University, Dr. E. Benese 13, CZ-30599 Plzen, Czech Republic; tel.: ++ 420 19 7402483, fax: ++ 420 19 7221460, e-mail: kvetonova@l.f.p.cuni.cz

Received: January 29, 2001 / Accepted: July 9, 2001

 

Abstract

Severe infections are the most frequent causes of death in the intensive care units. In the last ten years the increasing occurrence of sepses can be explained by aggressive investigation methods in all branches of medicine. Important changes in the spectrum of agents can also be seen. Besides gram+ cocci, yeasts and filamentous fungi are isolated from septic patients. These fungi can be introduced directly into the bloodstream during the treatment, therapy, and nutrition and, the following fungemia is fatal in most cases. The publication states the sources of mycotic infection for the patients in intensive care units, predisposing factors, clinical symptoms, laboratory diagnosis and the analysis of cases investigated by the author.

 

Key words: sepses, risk factors, agluts.